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Adani Power Fundamental Analysis: Over the last two years, Adani Power has given eye-popping multi-bagger returns of 950%. The stock has increased sharply from Rs. 40 per share in August 2020 to Rs. 411 present day. Similarly, various other stocks of Adani Group have zoomed over the last 2-3 years making Gautam Adani the world’s fourth richest person. 

In this article, we will cover Adani Power Fundamental Analysis and also we will take a quick look at the thermal power generation industry and the company’s history. After that, we shall go ahead to understand its business and fundamentals. Later, a section is devoted to a competitive advantage study and a conclusion summarizes the article at the end.

Adani Power Fundamental Analysis – Industry Overview

India is the third largest electricity producer in the world with an installed power generation capacity of over 3,99,496 MW. The nation’s capacity grew at a CAGR of 8.1% over the last decade. Out of the total production, coal-fired power plants accounted for 53% of the total energy produced. It was followed by the 27% share of renewable energy generation.

Despite such good energy production numbers, India’s per capita annual power consumption at 1,276 in FY21 remains even lower than that of other developing countries like South Africa and Brazil. This supports the argument that overall power demand in India is expected to grow at a strong pace.

This increase in demand will be brought by a variety of factors: rising living standards, higher electrical and electronic appliance penetration even across rural areas, more focus of the government on boosting the manufacturing sector’s contribution to GDP growth, construction of data centres and better irrigation through electric pump sets in the agricultural sector.

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As we reach the end of the industry overview, let us devote some space to coal-based power generation because APL is primarily in the same industry. As per NITI Aayog’s report, coal-based thermal power generation will grow over the next decade. However, its share of the total power generation composition of India will decrease from 72% at present to 50-55%. 

We have now covered the industry overview as part of Adani Power fundamental analysis. Let us move ahead to read about the company itself.

Adani Power Fundamental Analysis – Company Overview

Adani power Logo

Adani Power Limited (APL) was set up as a power trading corporation back in 1996. Since then, it has grown organically and inorganically into India’s largest private thermal power producer. As the name suggests, it is a part of the Gautam Adani-led diversified Adani Group.

It set up its first power generation plant at Mundra, Gujarat in 2006. Fast forward to today, Adani Power has four coal plants in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Rajasthan with a power generation capacity of 13,610 MW.  In addition to this, it has a 40 MW solar power plant in Gujarat. It has 5 more upcoming power plants which are under construction as of now.

The power company has a history of following the best corporate sustainability practices. In 2019, it ranked 30th in ESG benchmarking by DJSI-S&P Global. Not only this, APL was the world’s first company to establish a coal-based Supercritical thermal power facility as a part of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto protocol.

Let us now move ahead to look at the numbers side of Adani Power.

Adani Power – Revenue and Net Profit 

Adani Power is one of India’s best companies when it comes to revenue visibility. Out of its total production capacity, 78% is tied up securely via long-term power purchase agreements. Similarly, on the sourcing side, 73% of its domestic coal fuel requirements stand secured through fuel supply agreements.

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Adani Power Fundamental Analysis - Revenue and Net profit Growth

Now, If we look at the last five years of revenue and net profit numbers, we can say that the revenues of APL have increased at a CAGR of 6.42% every year. However, the bottom line has been volatile with the company reporting losses from 2018 to 2022.

As for the heavy net profit of the year ending 2022, it included recognition of prior period revenue from operations of Rs. 2,970 crores and a prior period other income of Rs. 2,830 crores.

The table below shows revenue and net profit numbers for the previous five years.

YearRevenue (Rs. Cr.)Net Profit (Rs. Cr.)
202227,7114,912
202126,2211,270
202026,468-2,275
201923,884-984
201820,304-2,103

Adani Power – Debt/Equity Ratio and Profit Margins

The table below lists the debt-to-equity ratio profit margins of Adani Power for the last five years.

YearDebt/EquityNPM (%)OPM (%)
20228.8917.7335.66
202199.584.8433.13
2020-24.50*-8.6021.66
2019-151.14*-4.1220.86
201855.23-10.3626.77

*Negative debt/equity ratio denotes the negative net worth of the company during that year

From the data above, we can conclude that Adani Power is highly leveraged. In addition to financial leverage, being in the power industry exposes it to operational leverage too. Thus, visibility of revenues and stable costs are very important for sustainable profit margins.

We can conclude that profit margins have been volatile for the last five years making it difficult to strongly offer a positive outlook.

However, recent earnings have helped the company to deleverage itself. This gives it an attractive proposition if it is able to report good profit figures in the coming quarters. 

Adani Power – Competitive Advantage

The points below highlight the competitive edge of Adani Power over the other power producers in India.

  1. APL has operational expertise in sourcing and managing logistics of 54 MPTA coal and 12 MTPA fly which involves the multi-point operation of handling over 13,000 railway rakes every year.
  2. Several Adani Power facilities enjoy locational advantages and strengths giving them easier access to fuel and market connectivity.
  3. Its 73% domestic coal requirements stand secured through long-term fuel supply agreements with coal companies.
  4. APL is in a good position to safeguard its revenues in the future. As base load demand will grow, installations of thermal power plants will not grow at the same pace because of the focus on renewables. Thus, power distributors will want to have longer power-purchase agreements (PPA)with APL to avoid market risks.
  5. Various PPAs of APL have fuel cost-pass through for imported coal. Thus, if prices of imported coal rise, it will not have to bear the loss and the cost will be transferred to power distributors.

Adani Power – Future Plans

We have covered the company, its industry and numbers in detail so far as a study of Adani Power’s fundamental analysis. Let us take a quick look at its future plans.

As discussed earlier, APL has a present operational capacity of 13,650 MW. Furthermore, it has a 1,600 MW capacity under construction which will be used to supply power to Bangladesh. 

In March 2022, APL proposed a merger of its six subsidiary companies into the parent company. The amalgamation will result in an improvement in ROE, better debt market access, and scale economies among other things.

Recently in August, the company decided to buy Chhattisgarh-based DB Power for Rs. 7,017 crores. DB Power owns and runs a 2×600 MW thermal power plant. This will give Adani Power an added capacity and access to long and medium-term power purchase agreements for 923.5 MW of DB Power.

Adani Power – Key Metrics

The table below lists the key metrics of Adani Power.

CMPRs. 411Market Cap (Cr.)Rs. 158,500
Stock P/E16.9Face ValueRs. 10.0
ROCE20.7%Book ValueRs. 8.99
ROE26.0%Price to Book Value45.8
Debt to Equity12.6Promoter Holding75.0%
Net Profit Margin17.7%Operating Profit Margin35.7%
Senior Debt ISCR3.38Dividend Payout Ratio0.0%

In Conclusion

We are at the end of our article on Adani Power Fundamental Analysis.

Despite revenue visibility, the earnings of Adani Power stay volatile because of weak coal production and the rising cost of imported coal. Furthermore, even with long-term power purchase agreements in place, we can not blindly rule out the fact that debt is at alarming levels.

Therefore investors of Adani Power should approach the company with caution. They must keep a close check on the coal prices and earnings of Adani Power to make sure the company can meet its debt obligations. 

In the last year, Adani Power has given multi-bagger returns of 432% to its shareholders. Will it be able to sustain its rally? They say the time has all the answers in the market. Till then, keep saving and keep investing.

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