Frequently Asked Questions
A lot many beginners trades in stocks and confuse it by investing or delivery. However, both of them are really different:
- Intraday Trading: When you buy & sell a share on the same day, then it’s called Intraday trading. For example, you bought a share in the morning and sold it before the market closes on the same day, then it will be considered as an intraday
- Delivery Trading: On contrary to Intraday, when you buy a share and hold it for at least one day, then it’s called a delivery. For example, you bought a share today and sold it after three days (or any day but today) then it will be considered as a delivery. Here you can sell the stock tomorrow, or the day after that, or a week later, a year later, or 20 years later.
- Full-Service brokers: These are the traditional brokers who offer full-service trading services in stocks, commodities, currencies, mutual funds, etc along with research and advisory, portfolio and asset management, banking all in one account. For example, ICICI Direct, Kotak Securities. HDFC securities, etc.
- Discount brokers: These are those budget brokers who offer high speed and the state-of-the-art execution platform for trading in stocks, commodities and currency derivatives. They charge a reduced commission (flat price) and do not provide trading advice. For example, Zerodha, 5Paisa, Angel Broking, Trade Smart Online, etc.
- Apart from brokerage, this is the second biggest charge involved while trading in stocks.
- For delivery trading, STT is charged on both sides (buy & sell) of transactions and is equal to 0.1% of the total transaction price (on each side of trading).
- For intraday and derivate trading (futures and options), STT is charged only when you sell the stock. For intraday, the STT charge is 0.025% of the total transaction price while selling.
- For equity Futures, the STT is equal to 0.01% on the sell-side. On the other hand, for equity options trading, STT is equal to 0.05% on sell-side (on premium).
Stamp duty is charged uniformly irrespective of the state of residence effective from July 1st, 2020. These new rates are only on the buy-side (and not on both buy and sell-side). Here are the new rates on stamp duty on different types of trades:
|Type of trade||New stamp duty rate|
|Delivery equity trades||0.015% or Rs 1500 per crore on buy-side|
|Intraday equity trades||0.003% or Rs 300 per crore on buy-side|
|Futures (equity and commodity)||0.002% or Rs 200 per crore on buy-side|
|Options (equity and commodity)||0.003% or Rs 300 per crore on buy-side|
|Currency||0.0001% or Rs 10 per crore on buy-side|
|Mutual funds||0.005% or Rs 500 per crore on buy-side|
|Bonds||0.0001% or Rs 10 per crore on buy-side|
Quick Note: Previously, the stamp duty was charged by the state government and hence not similar across all the states in India. A few states charged higher stamp duty, whereas a few of them charges lower duty taxes. Different states charge different stamp duty. Moreover, Stamp duty used to be charged on both sides of transactions while trading ( i.e. buying & selling) and hence are charged on the total turnover. **This rule changed after 1st July, 2020.
- The transaction charges is charged by the stock exchanges and that too on both sides of the trading. This charge is the same for intraday & delivery trading.
- National stock exchange (NSE) charges a fee of 0.00325% of the total turnover as Transaction charges on Equity and Delivery Trading. On the other hand, Bombay stock exchange (BSE) charges a fee of 0.003% of total turnover as Transaction charges on Equity and Delivery Trading.
- For Derivatives trading, BSE doesn’t cost any transaction charges. However, on NSE, the Exchange transaction charge is 0.0019% for futures trading and 0.05% of total turnover for Options Trading.
- SEBI stands for the Securities exchange board of India and it is the security market regulator. SEBI makes the rules and regulations on the exchanges for its proper functioning.
- SEBI Turnover fee is charged on both sides of the transaction i.e. while buying and selling and is the same for all equity intraday, delivery, futures, and options trading.
- The SEBI turnover charge is equal to Rs 10 per crore of the total turnover.
- There are two stock depositories in India – NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited) and CDSL (Central Depository Services Limited). Whenever you buy a share, it is kept in an electronic form in a depository. For this service, the depositories charge some fixed amount.
- The depositories don’t charge the traders or investors directory but charge the depository participant. Here, the brokerage firm or your demat account company is the depository participant (DP).
- DP acts as a linkage between the depository and the investor as the investors cannot directly approach the depository. In short, the depository charges the DP and then the depository participant (DP) charges the investors.
- For example, while trading with Zerodha, DP charge is equal to ₹13.5 + GST per scrip (irrespective of quantity), on the day, is debited from the trading account, i.e. when stocks are sold. This is charged by the depository and depository participant.
GST is the mandatory tax levied by the government on the services rendered and is equal to 18% of total brokerage and transaction charges.
Capital gain taxes is the most important tax to understand in this article for the traders and investors.
- There are two types of Capital gain taxes in India – Short-term capital gain tax and Long-term capital gain tax.
- When you sell a stock before one year of buying, then it is considered Short-term. Here a flat 15% of the profit is charged as short-term capital gain tax.
- When you sell a stock after one year of holding, then it is called the long-term. For the long-term capital gain, you have to pay a tax equal to 10% of the gains, if it exceeds Rs 1 lakh.
- For Intraday Traders, they need to pay taxes on their capital gains which depends on their tax slab. For example, if you’re in the highest tax slab and made some profits while intraday trading, you’ve to pay taxes of 30% on those gains.