Stock Portfolio for Beginners - How to Create Your Stock Portfolio

Stock Portfolio for Beginners: How to Create Your Stock Portfolio?

Essential Tips on How to Create Your Stock Portfolio: An intelligent investor should know the importance of building a well-diversified portfolio. Whether you’re investing in stocks, bonds, or any other investment, you should always build your portfolio smartly. Although most investors have a different strategy for creating their stock portfolio, there are a few main points that should be taken care of.

In this post, we’ll discuss what is how to create your stock portfolio and give you a few of the rudimentary tips while building the winning stock portfolio.

What is a Diversified Stock Portfolio?

A diversified portfolio is investing in different stocks from dissimilar industries/sectors in order to increase profits, reduce overall investment risk, and avoid damage to the portfolio by the poor performance of a single stock.

For getting good returns from your investments, it’s important that your stock portfolio is well diversified. Both under diversification and over-diversification is adverse for an investment. A smartly diversified stock portfolio maximizes the profit and minimizes the risk. Hence, the first step of creating an intelligent portfolio is right ‘Diversification’.

What diversification means, in general, is to buy stocks from different sectors (Ex: Banking, Auto, FMCG, Energy, IT, Metals, etc) rather than buying a single or two stocks of lump-sum. It follows the old rule of intelligent investing: ‘Don’t put all your eggs in the same basket.’

diversified portfolio stocks

While many investors argue that it makes more sense to invest a huge sum of money in a sure-shot stock, however, we differ from this argument. There are various reasons we can give you to support our argument.

First, you can never exactly know which stock is the next Microsoft or the big shot. Stocks like Microsoft are only a few among more than 5,000 stocks in the stock market. If by any chance you made a mistake or if by bad circumstances, the company is not able to perform as expected, and then your entire investment will be in vain & you will face a tremendous loss.

Second, for investing in such a company, you need to be 1,000% sure. You need to do a lot of intense research about the company, which might be generally not possible for retail investors. However, if you build a diversified portfolio you can take slight risks if you are confident about your other holding stocks.

For example, if you have 10 good stocks and you’re certain that most of them are fundamentally strong and are performing well in the market, you can take a little risk in the 11th stock. One riskier stock will not affect your entire portfolio. However, in the case of a single stock portfolio, it is either wins or gone.

Therefore, in this article on how to create your stock portfolio, we suggest retail investors to build a well-diversified portfolio. Do not buy one lakh shares of just one company in your portfolio.

ALSO READ: How Many Stocks Should you own for a Diversified Portfolio?

Advantages of a Diversified Stock Portfolio

Here are  a few of the best advantages of building a well-diversified stock portfolio:

1. Diversification helps you in giving liberty to choose a variety of stocks.

You do not need to do extraordinary in all the stocks you choose. If most of the stocks in your portfolio are performing well, then your portfolio will overall be in profit. Like the legendary investor Warren Buffett said ‘You only have to do a very few things right in your life so long as you don’t do too many things wrong.’

2. It will reduce the effect of the underperforming stocks: Sometimes economy or some sectors underperform and because of which the stock may underperform. Say, if the entire bank sector is not performing well, then your banking stock will be also probably at loss. However, it is very less likely that all other sectors (like IT, Auto, Pharma, FMCG etc), will also underperform at the same time. During such times, diversification can help you to remain in profit withholding the stocks of other sectors.

3. You can keep holding your favorite stocks for long: If because of some unpredictable reason, one of your stocks is not performing well, but you are confident that it will perform well in the future, you can still keep the stock on the stake of your other good-performing stocks. You just need to balance the portfolio and be overall it will be in profit. On the other hand, in the case of an undiversified stock portfolio, if your one stock is not performing, you will be in overall loss and which might lead you to sell that potentially strong stock.

Hence, from the above arguments that we just put forward, you must follow the diversified portfolio approach in your stock investment in order to maximize profits and minimize your losses.

How to Create Your Stock Portfolio?

Now, we will give you an example of how to create your stock portfolio using a diversified portfolio strategy so that you can get a clear idea of what we discussed above. Let’s suppose you’ve to build a stock portfolio of approx Rs 1 lakh. You can build a diversified portfolio with allocations something like this:

StockINDUSTRYPrice on 09-11-2017Number of SharesInvestment ValueAllocation
HDFC BANKBANK₹ 913.9213₹ 11,880.9611.78%
ASIAN PAINTSPAINTS₹ 1,195.6017₹ 20,325.2020.16%
HINDUSTAN UNILEVERFMCG₹ 1,252.9012₹ 15,034.8014.91%
RELIANCEREFINERIES₹ 892.0417₹ 15,164.6815.04%
CADILAC HEALTHPHARMA₹ 478.8017₹ 8,139.608.07%
TITANJEWELLERY₹ 777.9010₹ 7,779.007.72%
TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICESIT₹ 1,368.209₹ 12,313.8012.21%
BHARTI AIRTELTELECOMMUNICATION₹ 462.9922₹ 10,185.7810.10%
Total₹ 1,00,823.82100%

diviersified stock portfolio example trade brains

Quick Note: The above example is only for educational purposes and should not be considered as a stock recommendation or suggestion. Please pick stocks carefully before investing.

Closing Thoughts

In this article, we discussed how to create your stock portfolio. Here, we understood the importance of building a well-diversified stock portfolio that can maximize profits and minimize risks.

Although there are many other important points in our discussion about how to create your stock portfolio, however, we’ll discuss them in our subsequent posts. Till then, have a great time and happy investing.

Why building a great stock portfolio is a marathon not a sprint

Why building a great stock portfolio is a marathon not a sprint?

Building a great stock portfolio is the key to build wealth over time. However, the trouble is that the process of creating excellent stock portfolio ‘not-so-fast’ as most people imagine it to be.

Most of the people who enter the stock market are eager to invest everything right away. They want to build a fantastic stock portfolio at once and then relax for years. However, that’s not how building a good portfolio works.

One Simple rule to build astonishing stock portfolio:

If you’re trying to make a great stock portfolio within a month, then you are going to fail. Do not try to build an extraordinary stock portfolio in a month or two.

It takes years to find the best stocks and building an amazing stock portfolio. Moreover, you are not supposed to find all the great stocks at once- one at a time.

The actual strategy to build a great stock portfolio is simple. Invest in good stocks, continuously monitor and then do either of the following…

  • Continue holding the fundamentally strong shares
  • Get rid of the losers.

With time, you will notice that all the right stocks will add up and most of the poor shares will be gone.

Why do most people fail to build a strong stock portfolio?

A majority of investing population fail to build a strong portfolio is they like short-term profits/gains.

If you keep selling your best stocks, then how are you going to build a great portfolio over time. You have to keep your winners and cut your losers. That’s the key to make an amazing collection.

However, most people do the contrary. They sell their winners in short-term to get instant gratification. And they keep adding their losers (just to break-even).

New to stocks? Confused where to begin?  Here’s an amazing online course for beginners: ‘HOW TO PICK WINNING STOCKS?‘ This course is currently available at a discount. 

The market gives opportunities – Repetitively!!

When you are investing in building long-term wealth, you need to understand that market will you opportunity, again and again. Maybe not instantly, but definitely.

Suppose you missed a fantastic company when it was trading at a decent valuation. Now, the basic instinct of most of the inexperienced investors is to make a position in that stock ‘anyhow’ (Winner’s Curse). However, buying an over-valued stock and thinking that you’re building an amazing portfolio is stupid. Here, you need to have patience.

Remember that market will give you opportunities. Maybe not instantly, but definitely in the long run. You just have to keep patience and wait for the perfect time to enter in that stock. Sometimes, this opportunity might take years to appear again.

Let me give you an example from my experience. I was considering to buy VIP industries in June-July 2017. At that time, it was trading at a stock price of Rs 180-190 (decent valuation compared to the price at that time). However, during that period, I was overly occupied with some important work at my day job and missed the opportunity. The cost of VIP Industries continued to climb up in the next few months.

Nevertheless, I got the next opportunity to enter that stock in March 2018 (after nine months of waiting)- when most of the shares were again trading at a low price because of the re-introduction of the long-term capital gain tax. I purchased the stock of VIP Ind at Rs 312 in March 2018. I was planning to invest more if the price goes down further, but it didn’t. Currently (June 2018), the stock is trading at a price of Rs 438.

vip share price

(Disclaimer- I used this stock reference just for example. It’s not a recommendation or advisory. The stock might be trading at a high valuation currently).

Conclusion:

Building a great stock portfolio takes time. It’s not easy to create a great portfolio in a month. 

But remember- the market is going to give you opportunity again and again. Building a great portfolio is not a sprint. It’s a marathon!! Have patience.

Happy Investing.

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