How to choose a stockbroker in india

How to choose a stockbroker? – For beginners

Selecting your stockbroker is the one the biggest step that you take while entering the world of investing. You cannot start investing/trading until you have a broker (unless you are using someone else’s account).

When I opened my first brokerage account, I had no one to guide me. I belong to a family where no one invests in stocks. My father has few holdings in mutual funds, FDs and LICs, however, he never invested directly in the stock market.

Therefore, I have to go through a number of websites to educate myself about where to start and which stockbroker to chose.

That’s why I am writing this post for the beginners so that they can say a lot of time. I won’t be recommending any stockbroker in specific here, but I will teach you how to choose a stockbroker. So, let’s get started.

First of all, I would like to mention that your first broker won’t necessarily be your broker for life. You can definitely switch to another broker anytime you like. Personally, I have also switched brokers.

However, it’s good to start with a decent broker and choosing a bad stockbroker may ruin your first experience in investing/trading. In addition, it may also cost you some bucks as switching cost if you moved to another broker.

How to choose a stockbroker?

There are a number of factors that you need to check before choosing your stockbroker. Here are a few of them:

  • Research:

Conduct your own research. Listen to the advice of the experienced investors/traders but do not follow them blindly. You can carry out your own research by visiting various stockbroker’s website. Get a general idea about the stockbroker, account opening charges, facilities offered etc.

  • Background & reputation of the broker:

Check the background of the stockbroker and their reputations. You can inspect the reviews, complaints and have a survey of the personal experience by the existing users. If you are going to use the mobile platform, check the mobile app ratings on the app store.

hdfc securities

Image source: Google play store

  • Brokerage and other charges:

Stockbrokers are the registered members of the stock exchange and they can directly buy & sell shares in the share market for their clients. They charge some commission for offering this facility known as brokerage charge.

Now, there are two types of stock brokers in India: A) Full-service broker & B) Discount broker.

Full-service broker provides advisory service along with the trading platform. These brokers charge commissions on every trade their clients execute as a percentage of each trade executed.

Discount brokers only provide the trading facility. They offer low brokerage and charges a flat fee per transaction.

Read more here: Full service brokers vs discount brokers: Which one to choose?

Choose a suitable broker according to your preference. If you want stock research advisory, go to a full-service broker. If you just want a trading facility and do not want to pay an extra commission, go with a discount broker.

You can use this site for brokerage comparision and calculation.

  • Customer Services:

If you are new to investing/trading, you will require a lot of customer service, unless you have a guru or advisor. Check the customer service provided by the stockbroker. An easy way is to try calling their customer care helpline number. If it takes years for the customer executive to pick up the phone, then avoid that stockbroker. Further, if you want one-to-one customer service, then check the website of the stockbroker if they provide personal services.

  • Trading platform:

This is one of the most important factors to examine. Inspect whether the trading platform offered is friendly and easy to use. Check the demo videos of the trading platform on youtube.

  • Advisory & research facilities:

If you are not planning to invest in your own and need advisory, then check for the facility offered. The reliability of the advisory is a must to check. The stockbroker should have a good reputation in advisory and research works.

  • The range of facilities offered:

If you are looking for diversified investment and planning to also invest in other options like mutual funds, bonds, currencies, FSs etc, then check if these range of facilities are available with your broker or not.

  • Hidden Charges:

There should be no hidden charges and all the charges incurred while transactions should be specifically mentioned. Asked for any hidden charges with your customer care executive before selecting the stockbroker. Transparency is the key to any service.

  • Fund Transfer:

Easy linking facility with your saving account should be available. Ask for the fund transfer process in your stockbroker. Online money transfer and withdrawal should be fast and easy.

  • Tools of education:

Many stockbrokers provide education facility. For example, Zerodha educates its clients via ‘Varsity’ and its blog for free. If you are in the learning phase, ask your customer support executive if any tools of education are available with your stockbroker. This is not a ‘must have’ for your stockbroker, however it can be an add-on.

Related Post: How to Open a Demat and Trading Account at Zerodha?

Most of the important points to are already covered above. However, there are few other points also that a beginner should know on ‘how to choose a stockbroker’. They are listed below:

If you are new to Indian stock market and want to learn the basics, here is an must-read book by Parag Parikh that I personally recommend you to read: Value Investing and behaviorial finance.

Few other points to know:

  • Discounts and low-commission are not always good:

If you are new to the market and you will need a lot of help in the service while getting started. Although, its good to pay less, however, if you are getting premium facilities at a commission, it’s better for the beginners. Once you are experienced, you can carry out your investing/trading on your own.

  • Availability is important:

There are very few branches of discount brokers, whereas there are tons of branches of full-service brokers. If you can find a branch in your local, where you can easily go and personally meet the customer care executive to clear all your doubts, then its good to go.

Check out our upcoming course on stock market here.

  • Do not avoid customer services:

Investing/trading using online platforms are easy to use and have a number of resources available online. However, there may be a few times when you will require technical support. It’s good to have someone to look for in such cases. Do not avoid customer services. Look for the reviews before opting for any stockbroker and if the customer service is poor, then search another broker.

  • Look for extras/add-ons:

Many stockbrokers provide extras like no ‘annual maintenance charge’ for the first year, free brokerage amount of Rs 500 etc. Check the add-on and added benefits. It’s always good to have some bonus.

Ready to start your journey to become a succesful stock market investor? If yes, then here’s an amazing course for newbie investors: INVESTING IN STOCKS- THE COMPLETE COURSE FOR BEGINNERS.

That’s all. These are the important points before selecting stockbrokers. I hope this post on ‘How to choose a stockbroker?’ is useful to the readers. If you have any doubts, feel free to comment below. I will be happy to help you out.

Full service brokers vs discount brokers

Full service brokers vs discount brokers: Which one to choose?

Hello Investors. Today we are going to discuss one of the hottest topic in the investing world- Full-service broker vs discount broker and which one to choose? However, before moving forward, let us first understand who is a stockbroker.

Who is a stockbroker?

A stockbroker is an individual/organization who is a registered member of the stock exchange and are given license to participate in the securities market in place of its clients. Stockbrokers can directly buy & sell stocks in the share market on behalf of their clients and charge a commission for this service.

Now, there are two types of stock brokers in India:

  1. Full-service brokers (Traditional Broker)
  2. Discount brokers (Budget brokers)

Let us understand each type of stockbrokers:

Full-Service Brokers (Traditional Brokers)

They are traditional brokers who provide trading, research, and advisory facility for stocks, commodities, and currency. These brokers charge commissions on every trade their clients execute as a percentage of each trade executed. They also facilitate investing in Forex, Mutual Funds, IPOs, FDs, Bonds, and Insurance.

Few examples of full-time brokers are ICICIDirect, Kotak Security, HDFC Sec, Sharekhan, Motilal Oswal etc.

Discount Brokers (Budget Brokers)

Discount brokers just provide the trading facility for their clients. They do not offer advisory and suits for a ‘do-it-yourself’ type of clients. They offer low brokerage, high speed and a decent platform for trading in stocks, commodities and currency derivatives. A few examples of discount brokers are Zerodha, ProStocks, RKSV, Trade Smart Online, Achiievers, SAS online etc.

Full service brokers vs discount brokers:

Here are the key differences between full service brokers vs discount brokers based on different criteria:

 FULL SERVICE BROKERSDISCOUNT BROKERS
BrokerageThey charge commission in percentage terms of each trade executed.They offer a flat fee on each trade executed.
Brokerage ratesTypically between 0.3 to 0.7%Generally Rs 20 per trade.
Primary ServiceThey provide trading platform along with advisory for investment.They only provide a trading platform (no investment advisory provided).
Suitable forFull service brokers suit those who want advisory for their investment.The discount broker is suitable for those who research on their own or have a financial advisor.
Research DepartmentThey have their own research departments for advisory.No such department.
NetworkThey have a large number of branches in different cities.They do not have many branches.
Customer serviceFace to face customer service available.Online services for customers.
Other FacilitiesBesides stocks, commodities & currencies, other facilities offered are forex, mutual funds, IPOs, FDs, bonds, insurance, etcOnly stock, commodities & current trading available
Add on servicesResearch reports, recommendations, funding, extended margin etcFocuses mainly on trading
3-in-1 Account (Saving+demat +trading)AvailableNot available
Examples/ Top BrokersICICI Direct, HDFC sec, Kotak securities, Sharekhan, Motilal Oswal, Angel Broking, Axis direct, Edelweiss, Aditya Birla money etcZerodha, Prostocks, RKSV, Trade smart online, Tradejini, SAS online etc.

Also read: Where to open your Demat & Trading account?

Which one should you choose?

The answer depends on your knowledge, preference and time. If you want stock advisory for your investment, then you should choose a full-time broker. On the other hand, if you want to do research on your own or you have a financial advisor, then you should choose a discount broker.

Further, you should also consider brokerage charges carefully before selecting your stockbroker.

I will highly recommend you to choose a discount broker (like Zerodha) as it will save you a lot of brokerage amount.

Initially, I started with ICICI direct (which is a full-service broker), but soon realized that it was too expensive compared to the discount brokers. Moreover, I wasn’t using the advisory facility by the ICICI direct. Hence, it didn’t make sense to pay extra brokerage charges even if I can get similar benefits on the cheaper stockbrokers.

I then shifted from ICICI direct to Zerodha.

Zerodha (discount broker) charges brokerage of 0.01% or Rs 20 (whichever is lower) per executed order. This is way cheaper compared than ICICI direct (full-service broker) which asked a brokerage of 0.5% on each transaction. If you buy stocks for Rs 50,000 in ICICI direct, then you have to pay a brokerage of Rs 250 (on the other hand, Zerodha will ask only Rs 20, a difference of Rs 230).

Also read: Different Charges on Share Trading Explained- Brokerage, STT & More

In addition, as this amount is charged on both sides of the transaction (buying & selling), hence you have to pay a total of Rs 500 for the complete transactions (way too expensive compared to a total brokerage of Rs 40 on both sides of transactions in Zerodha).

In short, if you are new to investing and want to open a trading account, I would recommend choosing discount brokers, so that you can save lots of brokerages.

Related Post: How to Open a Demat and Trading Account at Zerodha?

However, in the end, it’s your knowledge, preference and time that matters the most while selecting a stockbroker. If you have enough knowledge and time for your stock research and prefer not to pay an extra commission, then you should go for a discount broker. On the contrary, if you do not mind paying extra commission for the advisory services to save your time, you can select a full-service broker.

If you are new to stock market and want to learn the basics from scratch, here is the best selling book that I highly recommend you to read: How to Avoid Loss and Earn Consistently in the Stock Market by Prasenjit Paul

That’s all for this post. I hope you have understood the difference between full service brokers vs discount brokers. Further, if you have any doubts, do comment below. I will be happy to help you out. Happy Investing.